Everyone wants us to prove our identity either in the front of a bank counter, at an airport, in a nightclub or on a website. Statistics show that more than 1.5 billion people who are above the age of 14 can’t correctly prove their identity. UNICEF statistics reveals that identity crisis is worse in Africa compared to other regions of the world. The statistics show that 34% of people in Sub-Sahara and 14% of people in the Middle East and North Africa region were not registered. The number of unregistered births in Sub-Saharan Africa and Middle/East /North Africa was 71% and 31% respectively. The statistics reveal that Sub-Africa has about of 55% number of unregistered births.
The statistics show that some people who know whom they are can’t prove their identity. Thus they are often excluded from social protection, free movement, and property ownership. This makes them more exposed to crime and corruption including slavery and trafficking.
Perhaps, the key to controlling the identity crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa is to educate the people both at the State, city and federal regions. Both low-net-worth customers and high-net-worth customers expect to have an inexpensive and sensible way to prove their identity, whether it is for credit, payments, government records, academic qualifications, or health records. Verifying your identity is an expensive process. Each validation consumes time and uses low-tech paperwork.
That is why the blockchain technology is the perfect solution for these problems. Blockchain-based solutions are better than existing technology infrastructures used in solving identity problems. The only issue will be to attract the right partners to help think, build and deliver the solutions from the blockchain technology.
There are many ways to solve the identity crisis from the blockchain technology. One way is to provide a national digital identity scheme using blockchain. The project will enable the Government in the Sub-Saharan region to store all individuals’ identity on a distributed ledger so that individuals can manage and pass on to others. The digital system powered by blockchain can create a low paperwork society using digital signatures.
The blockchain technology is not limited to digital identity. It can also be a leap-frogging to people in emerging markets. Emerging market governments are open-minded to the solutions that blockchain provides. The federal government is aware that delivering social welfare and other public benefits through cash is an inefficient process, and the banking infrastructure does not support the digital distribution of money.
Cryptocurrency has the potentials to deliver government services in a better way. Cryptocurrency is a notarization service that can validate the exact time an event takes place such as the exchange of property title, the death of a person or bestowal of an academic degree.
Cryptocurrency can also be used for mundane kinds of transactions car papers and real estate title registration. It eliminates the hassles that come with paying federal taxes, filing patents, getting passports, and receiving social security.
The only obstacle facing the acceptance of blockchain in the rural area of Africa is the right education. Many people are ignorant that using ledgers that never lose data will alter the way the society views privacy, identity, and security. Acceptance of the technology means that people will act more responsibly.